According to the official release notes, the RSCRE 17.10.2 brings initial support for Windows 10 Fall Creators Update. It also adds optimizations for Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus with up to eight percent better performance on RX Vega 56 8GB and up to four percent better performance on RX 580 8GB graphics cards, optimizations for Destiny 2 with up to 43 percent improvement on RX Vega 56 8GB and up to 50 percent improvement on RX 580 8GB as well as optimizations for Assassin's Creed: Origins with up to 16 percent improvement on RX Vega 56 8GB and up to 13 percent improvement on RX 580 8GB graphics card. That's a lot of improvements, fixing a lot of annoying bugs.
Bear in mind that most of these performance improvements are at 2560x1440 resolution (except for Assassin's Creed: Origins where the 13 percent improvement on RX 580 was on 1920x1080 resolution) and mostly at high presets, so these will most surely vary depending on the configuration and settings.
In addition to these optimizations, the new RSCRE 17.10.2 driver also brings a new GPU Workload toggle in Radeon Settings which allows users to switch between graphics or compute workloads on select Radeon RX 500, Radeon RX 400, Radeon R9 390, Radeon R9 380, Radeon R9 290 and Radeon R9 285 series graphics cards. The new driver also adds compute workload support for up to 12 Radeon RX 400, Radeon RX 500 or Radeon RX Vega series graphics on Windows 10 OS.
There are also a couple of fixed issues including minor corruption in PUBG, crash or system hang issue in Hearts of Iron IV, fixed issue with failing to apply user adjusted voltage in Radeon Wattman, fixed uninstall issue and other minor issues with AMD XConnect and Radeon Settings.
The new RSCRE 17.10.2 driver also supports all graphics cards since AMD Radeon HD 7900/7900 series and is available for Windows 10 and Windows 7 in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions.
You can check out the full release notes and find the appropriate download links over at AMD's support page.