According to popular science mag Nature, the newfound phase of matter is robust in preserving information. This could make quantum computers to be far more reliable, since with current technology, keeping qubits in their quantum states is a tricky, particularly if you have to reverse the polarity on the neutron flow.
In quantum computing, a qubit is that it can be one or zero at the same time, potentially allowing quantum computers to rip into your maths homework faster than a normal PC. The downside, at least how we understand it is that they require a potentially dead or alive cat in an extremely controlled environment (such as a cardboard box) in which a slight perturbation, like a minuscule change in temperature, could cause the qubits to lose their quantum states — and their information.
When they blasted those atoms with a pulse of laser light to the tune of the Fibonacci numbers — a sequence of numbers where each number is the sum of the two preceding ones — the qubits lasted 5.5 seconds.
And according to the physicists, the reason that occurs has to do with time itself.
Study lead author Philip Dumistrescu, a research fellow at the Flatiron Institute's Center for Computational Quantum Physics, told Gizmodo in a recent interview
"What we realised is that by using quasi-periodic sequences based on the Fibonacci pattern, you can have the system behave as if there are two distinct directions of time."
Fibonacci numbers, they act as a sort of quasicrystal, the physicists say, a structure of matter that adheres to a pattern, but is ordered but does not repeat.
"With this quasi-periodic sequence, there's a complicated evolution that cancels out all the errors that live on the edge," Dumistrescu elaborated in a press release. "Because of that, the edge stays quantum-mechanically coherent much, much longer than you’d expect."